عنوان مقاله [English]
Regarding the structural similarities of myths and ancient narratives, Joseph Campbell has depicted a single pattern for all stories. In the conclusion of his ideas, he benefited from Jung’s theory of archetypes and elaborated on his own proposed pattern, the hero’s journey. Although this pattern is subject to change due to cultural and historical differences, its foundation is always fixed including such stages as the call to journey, passage through the threshold, test, reward, and return."Mānelī" by Nima is highly symbolic and deals with deep layers of human thought and psyche, and therefore it depicts a paragon of the mythological stages of the hero’s journey. The stages of Joseph Campbell’s paradigm of the hero’s journey are accomplished without the least deficiency in "Mānelī." The hero of this poem, Mānelī, overcomes barriers and trials along his mystical and social quest, finds love and achieves a new knowledge of the world. Nima maps Mānelī's character onto his own personal life experiences: Mānelī 's mental challenges and problems are the poet's own daily concerns and preoccupations.
Keywords: Campbell, Hero’s Journey, Nimā, Mānelī