عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Būstān or Sa'dīnāma which depicts Sa'dī's ideal world yields well to interdisciplinary analyses. Nonverbal behavior plays important roles in communicative processes: it can be complimentary, denying, repetitionary, controlling, substitutive and emphatic; and sometimes it might play multiple roles. Researchers believe that in some occasions nonverbal communication is more important than verbal communication. Ray Birdwhistell and Albert Mehrabian, pioneering researchers in the field of nonverbal communication, believe 65 to 93 percent of meanings and purposes are conveyed through nonverbal communication. In this paper, the researchers have analyzed nonverbal communication in Būstān and have discovered that in terms of nonverbal communication, Sa'dī meticulously paid attention not only to body language, and the language of objects such as gifts, possessions, clothes, and jewelries, but also to paralinguistic elements such as tone, and words per minute (wpm). Being well aware of the impact of nonverbal communication, and connecting it with verbal communication, Sa'dī could help the transfer of meaning across the dramatic world of his poetry.
keywords: Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Body Language, Message Transmission, Būstān, Sa'dī