عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
“Nishānī”, more than Sipihrī's other poems, has attracted the attention of critics; however, despite the wide range of critical comments, readers do not find the interpretations of the poem convincing enough. The purpose of this article is to evaluate and criticize "Nishānī" so as to arrive at an interpretation that takes into consideration the organic whole of the poem. The researchers, through discourse analysis and according to collocativeness of signs, endeavor to offer a new reading and interpretation of the poem. To this end, the more significant signs, among others, have been picked out and their relationship with other signs has been studied along the horizontal axis. The current analysis proposes a clear interpretation of “Nishānī.” An examination of the poem shows that it accommodates philosophical and psychoanalytic motifs. The rider’s progress towards the pre-Oedipal (maturity) and the pre-lingual (rustle) phases indicates that Sipihrī 's attitude towards human beings and the world resembles the philosophical and psychological outlooks of Freud and Lacan. The phrase of “the branch of light on his lips” signifies language, which in Lacan’s theory of the psychic growth of the subject represents the ‘symbolic order’ in the infant’s growth. ‘Maturity’, which matches ‘name-of-the-father’ in Lacan’s terminology, when juxtaposed with the ‘infant’, brings Lacan’s mirror stage to mind. Furthermore, the aforementioned issues and the term of ‘myths’, which is somehow related to the historical man and collective unconscious of human beings, pave the way for a Jungian and Freudian analysis of the poem.
Keywords: Suhrāb Sipihrī, collocation, pre-lingual, language, modern.