عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the primary texts exerting influence on Masnavi is Bahavalad's Maaref. Yet, it has remained underexplored in many aspects, one among which is allegory. This study after a brief account of the intertextuality theory, probes into the influence of Bahavalad's Maaref on Masnavi. It was found that Rumi had been influenced by Bahavalad in a variety of ways, chief among them being allegory. Rumi has expanded upon the allegory series method and has founded his stories on it. In both works, allegory is based on two types of propositions: pedagogical and philosophical-pedagogical. Since allegory is a kind of reasoning, it can also be observed from this perspective. The examination of the methods of reasoning in the two works shows that in the philosophical-pedagogical type of allegory, the network of reasoning is more extensive. This study also shows that the allegories dealing with morality begin with one of the issues that is related to man and his inner world. These morality allegories aim at proving either pedagogical or educational principles with regard to human beings. The pedagogical allegories, however, is found upon a proposition that is about existence or about the elements of existence emphasizing a universal or inclusively general rule to help human destiny as well as his purpose. Consequently, the first type of allegory can be called pedagogical and the second type pedagogical-ideological referring to an ideology and ideological horizon by which the speaker tries to satisfy the audience.