عنوان مقاله [English]
A Study of Creation Myth in Mantiq ut-Tayr
L. Ghalompour Ahangarkolaee* M. Tavousi**
S. Ojaq Alizade***
Islamic Azad University of Iran, Roudhen Branch
Creation myth is one of the central concepts of world mythology. In this study symbols used in Mantiq ut Tayr are analyzed with regards to creation myth. Attar starts the books with a description of divine creation in order to tell the story of the creation of the world. Using mandala like imagery he discusses the correspondence between an atom and the universe and the unification of thirty birds with Simurgh in order to give credit to the myth of the origin; thus he has recreated the creation myth. The heroes pass the rite of passage tests moving from chaos to heavenly stability. In this analysis and comparison, Mantiq ut-Tayr starts with the story of creation and ends with the story of recreation of creation through the myth origin. Atom, Mandala, Simurgh, Mount Qaf, seven paths, kingdom of Simurgh and voyage are reminders of the myth of origin which is retrieving and uniting with the virtues of the beginnings.
Keyword: Mantiq ut-Tayr, Myth, Attar, world, Creation.
* PH. D. candidate in Persian Language & Literature, St.firstname.lastname@example.org
** Prof of Ancient Iranian Language & Culture, email@example.com
*** Assistant Prof of Persian Language & Literature, firstname.lastname@example.org