عنوان مقاله [English]
The definition of epic has been changed during the course of time, especially in the modern world and in its poetic forms because of the profound changes happening in all dimensions of people’s life and the gradual changes the traditional society has experienced. Thus, these social changes lead to a new and different interpretation and understanding of epic in literature and poetry. Therefore, this article tries to show the changes which have happened in the concept of epic in Nima’s poems during the course of time. To do this, Nima's poems are divided into two groups. The first category includes the poems in which Nima refers to the epics of the other nations from the past to the present. The second category includes the poems divided into three subcategories: regional epics (like Peydar and the Shepherd), religious epics (like Daniel) and subjective epics (like Serveili’s House). A study in his poems shows that though the old elements of epic are present in his poems, he proposes a new definition of epic in his poems which is truly the result of both the influence of the modernist literature, and Nima’s own personal and social life on his poems.
Keywords: epic, contemporary Persian poetry, social poetry, criticism of poetry