عنوان مقاله [English]
The present research is an analysis of the nature of the narrator of Sa'di's Bustan and, of the audience that the narrator expects. The aim is to understand the narrator's style based on the linguistic analysis of his utterances and to ask whether he speaks with a voice of authority or if he stands on an equal position telling of his concerns and his doubts. The analysis of the style of the narrations of Bustan (narrator discourse) is based on Simpson's well-known "modality". The article deals with the linguistic approach to the analysis of the narrator's style and the precision of his sentences, and concludes: the narrator has a positive narrative. He knows exactly what he wants to say and recommends the audience to hear. Using allegory is very effective, and an allegorical teaching narrative aimed at guidance and reform is created. Using a higher position in language makes the audience accept the narrator's commands in order to build an ideal world.