عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The element of color, which from a scientific 1point of view is the reflection of light on natural phenomena, has traditionally attracted human’s attention. The use of color in celebrations, ceremonies, mournings, movements, armies’ emblems and country’s flags has been tangible and symbolic. The element of color has had a special status and use in all the visual arts and in the poetry and literature too. In Persian literature, the objective poets, who have had a close relationship with the nature, have always sought to convey their experiences to the reader by utilizing different colors.
Qa’ani Shirazi, one of the prominent poets in the literary restoration style, has painted colorful pictures in his odes, and sonnets by employing colors, color-tinged words and whatever represents colors according to the poem’s structure and has attempted to engage all the reader’s senses with the nature’s manifestations and pictures he has created. Qa’ani’s Divan, in terms of color, is like a painting with amazing colors. In the present paper the frequency of color and the way it is used in Qa’ani’s divan is analyzed. Moreover, how the poet creates images based on the element of color is dealt with in a descriptive-analytic way. Using metaphor, simile and sarcasm and creating pictures abounding with color, Qa’ani engages the reader’s senses with the range of his poetic pictures. Qa’ani’s Combinative colors, collective simile, and his endeavor in collecting colorful images for portraying celebrations, wars, the beloved, spring worshiping, are ways of describing and analyzing his poems.