عنوان مقاله [English]
Ode is one of the main forms of Persian poetry which has been effective in reflecting the cultural and social concepts of Iranian society From fourth century until the beginning of the seventh century. In this article, based on content analysis method, after studying more than 3200 odes of twenty poets, poems composed on happy or sad occasions and events have been extracted and the process of poet's
attentions to those happy and sad occasions and issues has been analyzed during different periods in relation to the courts. The results show that in the poems of the fourth and fifth centuries, attention to the description of the spring, the description of the banquets, and most of all the insistence on reflecting Mehregan and Sade celebrations, gave a happy atmosphere to most poetical works; but in In the following centuries the attention paid to Iranian celebrations has diminished, and most poets of the central regions of Iran have insisted on describing Arabic festivals such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha in their poems. Also, in the course of these centuries, the joy of court rised from of conquests, congratulations of Positions, celebrations, and other happy events related to praised one, were replaced with the personal or social grief of the poets, which are often reminiscent of the death of their loved ones, poverty, wars and conflicts, complaints, imprisonments, and famine of their time. From this viewpoint, poets connected with the courts of the Ghaznavids and Seljuks were happier than poets.