عنوان مقاله [English]
Defamiliarization, is one of the important techniques to escape vulgarity in structure and content of art, which is the tool of the poets' imagination to receive a distinctive and exciting language and transmits it to the audience. This subject was first introduced by Russian formalists. According to them, repeating of ancient vocabulary affects the text charm and reduce the audience’s interest and highlights defamiliarization requirement. The effects of poetry art are sometimes seen in all Persian poems but in the era of Indian style it is significant because of sonnet passage from glorious era, the effect of repetition and vulgarity on its elements, changing the base and audience of poetry art. Divan’s elements due to belonging to the court and similarity with the classical literature have been used repeatedly by poets but when Indian style emerged it has been repetitive and outdated. Therefore, Indian style poet has tried to keep them fresh with a different techniques such as fantastic attention to the elements detail, create content and using of paradoxical elements as well as the use of them in the alienation of vulgar landmarks. Here, we analyzed the use of these techniques in the Hindi style Ghazal in six topics.