عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The Constitution Revolution (Mashrute) is considered as one of the most crucial reasons of change in the entire political, social, cultural and literary domains of our time. One of the outcomes of this move is the division of the Iranian society into two traditional and modern epochs. This classification has been clearly represented in Mashrute and contemporary literature. And the interaction between the traditional poetry and modernist poetry lead to the appearance of the so called “Nimaee poem” keeping step with classical poetry till present. This article studies and compares the ideas of two contemporary poets, Bahar, the last representative of the classical poetry, and Nima, the first outstanding figure of modernist poetry, to show the conflict between traditional and modernist poetry originated from the context of that time. This article tries to show how much Bahar and Nima have been affected by classical and modernist poetry. As the study shows, Bahar has a conventional and conservative look at poetry and his novelty is seen solely in the content of his poems. But Nima who is acquainted with Western Literature and Western literary schools and who knows the necessity of being fresh and novel in Persian poetry gradually gets far from traditional poetry and turns completely towards modernist poetry.