عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Color is one of the main elements of image construction and an important one in poetry. Successful poets have used color to achieve a personal style in image-construction and to suggest their connotations to readers. Hossein Monzavi is a contemporary ghazal-writer whose poetry is structurally and linguistically innovative; he emphasizes objectivity and the creation of fresh and colorful images. In all his poems, words that suggest colors are used 904 times, of which around sixty percent refer to a color, and the rest imply gray or colorlessness. Monzavi has contributed to the development of the Persian ghazal and influenced a number religious poets and songwriters as well as “New” poets -- followers of Nima -- after the revolution. In this paper, through a comparative analytic method, the frequency of colors in Monzavi’s collection of poems is discussed and classified into 16 categories. In addition, his innovative and imitative use of colors is explored and compared to contemporary and classical poets. A finding of this study is that in Monzavi’s poetry, the diversity and frequency of words that suggest a color is much more than contemporary poets, even more than a painter-poet such as Sohrab Sepehri. In making use of words that suggest colorlessness, he is the least innovative, but in the use of pink, orange, purple and to some extent green, blue, brown, gray and amber, the differences of his style are more visible. Moreover, his new conception of colors is manifested in the beloved’s eyes, body and clothing, descriptions of time and seasons, and his own unique experiences, such as addiction and aspects of his personal life.
Keywords: color, contemporary ghazal, Hossein Monzavi, innovation, imitation