عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Innate human tendency towards self-actualization and perfection informs a significant body of work in Persian literature, particularly when it steps into the mystical terrain and becomes enmeshed with religion. Attar’s Manteq al-Teir is a notable example that delves in the theme of self-discovery, and summons the reader to attain perfection and evade worldly attachments, a path that we suggest broaches the concepts proposed in “humanistic psychology.” With its focus on humanity and its positive aspects such as self-reliance and genuineness, humanistic psychology does in our view express ideas that are relatively consistent with mystical thought and has therefore addressed issues such as self-actualization. In this article, we analyze Manteq al-Teir following humanistic psychology, and according to Roger’s ideas in particular, to demonstrate that the ways in which Attar’s wayfaring birds achieve perfection and self-actualization follow the five fundamental characteristics of Roger’s theory of humanistic psychology.
Key Workds: Attar, Manteq al-Teir, self-actualization, humanistic psychology, Rogers’ theory