عنوان مقاله [English]
Studying the nature of imagination and poets’ and artists’ imaginative structure has an important place in literary criticism. Today, the basis of text interpretation is studies of imagination. Gilbert Durand (1921-2012), the French scholar of imagination and myths, developed a scientific method to retrieve the true value of imagination, which was neglected for two centuries in the West. This article reflects on the views of Durand and analyzes the structure of a Masnavi story, “The Thirsty Threw a Stone into the Water.” In this tale, Rumi depicts a scene where the act of throwing stones and bricks into water is repeated. An examination of this story based on Durand’s views, one can deduce that the narrator has been influenced by symbolic imaginariessystem ofnight dreams. This system comprises certain characteristics such as repetition, dependence of one on the material world and cyclic understanding.
Keywords: Masnavi, fiction, imagination structure, nightly imagination system, daily imagination system.