عنوان مقاله [English]
What today is recognized as Nima-esque modern or “New Poetry” [she’r-e no] is the outcome of ideas, transformation, and a range of (re)actions that constitute the quasi-experimental poetry of Nima Yushij. It is widely accepted that “Qoqnus” was the point of departure for what would evolve as Nima’s New Poetry. However, the creative process previous to this work is worthy of investigation, hence the topic of this paper. The Seqrim Castle [qal’e-ye Seqrim] is Nima’s final long poem before the publication of “Qoqnus.” We argue that research on the characteristics of Nima’s style and language in this log poem sheds light on the development of linguistic structures manifest in the works of this innovative poet. By way of the structuralist methodology of Roman Jakobson, we study the formations of language in The Seqrim Castle and demonstrate that in spite of the fact that the poem adheres to the established Mathnavi model, it is also an early indication of Nima’s emerging tendencies to interfere with syntactic structures, and to employ conversational language in poetry. We conclude that the poem is a bridge between the classical and the New Poetry of Nima Yushij.
Key Words: Structure of language, The Seqrim Castle, Nima Yushij, Roman Jakobson