عنوان مقاله [English]
M. Razi* M. Tavakoli Mohammadi** S. Mahmoudi***
Undoubtedly, ParvizNatelKhanlari and Umar Abu Riishah are two great poets of Persian and Arabic literature. Bothhave a strong tendency towardstheir national literature and are influenced by the European literature. The former is impressed mostly by French Literature and the latter is informed by that of England. This impression is related to a distinct period of the European literature when there was a growing tendency among the literati towards coding the mythology of Ancient Greece and Rome.Technically speaking, code meansa sign, hint, word, combination of words, or a phrase that denotes something other than the usual thing it is taken to mean .Both Natelkhanlari and Umar Abu Riishah employ Eagle as the code in their respective works, the Eagle Masnavi (Mathnavi) and Nasr Ode. The development of events and themes of these two literary works is so similar that some verses can be regarded as equivalents. Due to this proximity in theme and procedure of events, the researcher has attempted to investigate it in the aforementioned poems. The present study, through probing the historical situations, biographies, and analyzing the poems of these two poets, intends to investigate whether these two poets have influenced each other and how successful they have been in conveying the intended concepts.Lack of mutual influence, presence of the concepts of freedom, and greatness in the two poems, and Khanlari’sdetailed writing and the brevity of Abu Riisha’s accounts are among the findings of the present study.
* Assistant Professor in Arabic Language & Literature, firstname.lastname@example.org
** Instructor & Ph. D. Candidate in Arabic Language & Literature, email@example.com
*** M.A. Student in Arabic Language & Literature, firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 11/24/2010 Accepted: 08/02/2011