نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Pride is in fact one of literary varieties which can be found both in the verse and in the prose. Different manifestations of honor are evident at different époques, influenced by temporal and local changes. In the introduction of the present study, attempt has been made to investigate the nature of pride, its relationship with personality and one’s perception of oneself, as well as its function as a mental and personality element. Moreover, Hafez's sonnets in which his pride is manifest have been reviewed. The next part of the study deals with a detailed explanation of the dimensions and reasons of Hafez's pride in his speech. Hafiz's magnanimity, which is rooted in the political and social era of the poet, is another striking aspect of Hafez’s pride, which is further discussed in a separate section of the study. The other distinguishing prides such as pride in Rendi, Love, and Beloved form another part of the study. At the end, we make conclusions on the basis of Hafez's various prides, which have individual, social, and critical implications.