عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Shahnameh is the Iranian national epic rooted in the national and collective unconscious of the Iranians. Shahnameh can be studied from different points of view, such as Jungian perspective. Archetypes are the crucial parts constructing Jungian analysis and the Old Wise Man is one of the most prevalent ones. This archetype, the Old Wise Man, appears in stories and dreams and helps the hero succeed. The Old Wise Man is seen in many stories of Shahnameh. Kumars is the first old wise man in Shahnameh whose guidance helps Hooshang to become the king of Iran. Zaal is another well-known example; Zaal’s teachings help Rostam, the national hero of Shahname, and the kings such as Keykavoos to succeed; Zaal is the savior of Iran and the Iranians.