عنوان مقاله [English]
Mirzadeh Eshghi is one of the famous and revolutionary characters in Constitution Period. The concept of "homeland" has repeatedly mentioned in his works and sayings. He has a kind of paradoxical view towards the concept of "homeland" in his poems. In his nationalistic poems, some themes such as: the dictatorship of profit-seekers, the hypocrisy of politicians, the reasons of the Iranian's backwardness, the ways of fighting with the enemies, and the revelation of the true identity of the foreigners, are repeatedly mentioned. Studying Eshgi's different viewpoints about the issues related to his country, this paper tries to analyze and interpret the concept of homeland in Eshgi's poetry and thoughts; so that the less known dimensions of his poetry are also discovered. Therefore, according to Eshgi's ideas and viewpoints, the key of accessing to the ideal principles of nationalism is found in connection with some ideas such as the individual's nature and emotion, anti-Arabian ideas, public union, and opposition against fake governments, and also some "isms" such as Socialism, Darwinism, Idealism, Chauvinism, Nationalism, Anarchism, and Romanticism.
Key words: Mirzadeh Eshghi, homeland, Chauvinism, Nationalism, Anarchism, Romanticism.