عنوان مقاله [English]
khosrow and Shirin are historical characters but just a vague trace of Farhad is remained in some texts and his historical position is slippery and doubtful. On the other hand, he has an idealistic character in Nezami story which is not in line with historical narrations that are close to the Nezami age. By scrutinizing work of Khosrow and Shirin, we can find that Nezami catharsis Shirin deliberately and present a model of idealistic beloved in this way. This popular theme shows us that, in contrast with historical perception of society, Farhad plays role of only a love victim in this poem. Farhad is gimcrack of Shirin in this story and his role is a reciprocal reaction from Shirin against uncontrolled fancy of Khosrow. Farhad's love which is unilateral and pathological is described with great enthusiasm in this poem and since this kind of love has been consistent with features of Iranian society, it is accepted by common people and Farhad becomes model of lover and real inamorato. Here it is attempted to provide a new reading of this poem on the basis of conspiracy theory and demonstrate that how Farhad plays role of a predetermined victim. At last, this article tries to de-stereotype the picture of idealistic lover in Iranian culture and literature- which this poem has main role in constructing and forming it.
Keywords: Nezami, Shirn Catharsis, Farhad, Conspiracy Theory, Love approch.