عنوان مقاله [English]
Criticism leveled at poets by other poets has been rather common in Persian poetry. Poets, since antiquity, have criticized other poets or their poems with different styles and with positive or negative intentions. After a review of Shafī'ī Kadkanī's poems, one can trace such critical commentaries about other poets in his poetry. This research is an effort to locate the specific position of Shafī'ī Kadkanī's critical poems in the body of verse produced in this genre so far, and to discover the similarities and differences between Shafī'ī's works and those of others within this genre. The findings of this research reveal that Shafī'ī's critical poems can be categorized in two classes: those considered to be content based, that is, social and ideological criticisms often traceable in the literature of 40s and 50s, and those reckoned to be aesthetic and structuralist criticisms more frequently produced after the revolution. In terms of expression, such works can be put in two groups: direct criticism and indirect criticism. In the former, idealist and liberal-minded poets are praised, and versifiers, panegyrists, conservatives, detached, radical and quasi-modern poets are censured. In the latter, poetic delineation of the concept and quality of poetry and its humane, social and aesthetic functions are underscored. Furthermore, Shafī'ī's critical commentaries, unlike his predecessors and his contemporaries, are rooted in cultural beliefs, human emotions, and artistic concerns.
Keywords: Aesthetic, Poem, Shafī'ī Kadkanī, Critisim, Socialist, Structuralism