عنوان مقاله [English]
In the realm of poetry, lyric is the oldest form in which the poet depicts himself, while expressing personal emotions and spiritual reflections on life and the world. The poet presents his mental structure in the form of a literary work to the community. The social and cultural realities of the society are found in the form of objective, though minor and diffuse, reflections in literary works. Analyzing social affairs in poetry of a certain period or a specific poet shows the social concerns of that period. Since the sixth century is one of the turbulent periods in Iranian history, and many political and social events in this era affected the society, poetry is a good platform to observe these happenings. This research seeks to present a comparative and descriptive-analytical approach to the study of the social problems of this century in the poetry of Sanai, Anvari, Khaghani, and Nezami. Studying the different classes, values, and events of this period gives a clear picture of the realities, aspirations and insights into the minds of the poets and of society and. The result of the research shows that the political and social problems of the time have often affected poets, people's behavior and intellectual currents but these problems have prevented them from the creation of a strong worldview.