عنوان مقاله [English]
Images of poetry that can be considered wider than fantasy; It is always one of the most fundamental elements of poetry. An artist is someone who thinks about a picture, Sees a picture and expresses a picture. He with pictures that from the world around yourself in poetry Offers, To poetry novelty and gives strangeness and do a lot of mental things to wathc lays. One of these images that poets use a lot, metaphorical images that the contemporary poets try up to it with other mental images seasoning to capture and charm find more. Contemporary poets in some of their metaphorical images, It is the most efficient and artistic tool with imagination The images are paradoxical. This playfulness and fusion of metaphor with paradox In addition to adding complexity, ambiguity and secrecy to the word, It also shows the poet's high knowledge of poetic images and the maturity of her imagination. Just as the attractiveness of a painting depends not only on the painting techniques but also on the artistic application and proper combination of colors; The greater attractiveness of poetic images also depends on the combination of images with each other.
3. Research method, background and purpose
The authors try to use descriptive-analytical methods to make the reader more familiar with the aesthetics of metaphorical images and the combination of these images with the literary and artistic trick of paradox help. Just as understanding metaphor is inferring and experiencing something based on something else It is a matter of concept and thought that relates to the mind and Understanding and receiving it is complex and ambiguous. There are ambiguities in every paradox that can be done with Further curiosity and mental effort received the truth beyond the appearance of contradictory speech. By presenting evidence and examples from contemporary poets, the author tries to acquaint the reader with these metaphorical contradictions or paradoxical metaphors and help him face unexpected metaphorical challenges and complex anomalies that are contrary to custom and rule in this way, to draw the audience's literary and artistic attention and pleasure to complex metaphorical images.
Much research has been done in the field of poetic imagery, both in general and in particular. In general, Mohammad Reza Shafiei Kadkani (1987) in the book Images of Imagination in Persian Poetry, Reza Braheni (1992) in the book Gold in Copper, Kavous Hassanli (2012) in the book Types of Innovation in Contemporary Iranian Poetry, Mohammad Fotouhi Rudmajani (2007) In the book of picture rhetoric.
Poetry is due to new combinations of innovative ideas and metaphorical processes that can both nurture the imagination and make the word stand out. Contemporary poets in the field of using metaphorical language have each resorted to various tricks to confront the reader's mind with unexpected challenges; One of the challenging images that has complicated the visual network of words in contemporary poetry is the fusion of metaphorical images with paradox. The findings of this study show what role these metaphorical contradictions play in stimulating the reader's mind to think and question. By descriptive-analytical method, the author has reached the conclusion by mentioning examples of contemporary poets that first, by what tricks have contemporary poets mixed metaphorical images with paradox? Second, what was their motivation and purpose in bringing these two images together? The author also tries to make the reader more aware of this literary technique in modern metaphorical illustrations of contemporary poetry and to fill his mind with the most technical artistic highlighting, which is to combine the most artistic tool of imagination (metaphor) with the most ambiguous poetic image (paradox).
In this article, the authors try to answer the questions of why contemporary poets try to mix metaphorical images with paradox by providing evidence from some contemporary poets, and what is their purpose by bringing this complex anomaly? The authors also answer the question of how and in what ways they combine the most efficient tool of imagination (metaphor) with the most complex poetic image (paradox)? For example, one group mixed paradox with Meccan metaphors and another group with explicit metaphors, another group was interested in combining these two images in descriptive combinations, and other poets were interested in this mixture in additional combinations. ...
Contemporary poets have exhibited innovative and modern art in order to complicate poetic images as well as verbal concealments due to political and social aversions in creating metaphorical images. Knowing these aesthetic tricks and tricks will help us to understand more precisely the beauties hidden in metaphorical images.
The fusion of metaphor with paradox, in addition to making the audience more curious to receive the truth that is beyond the appearance of the word; It also leads to more contemplation, thoughtfulness and a sense of pleasure for the reader, and makes the story more lasting in his mind.
In a comprehensive look at the collection of poems of contemporary poets, it can be concluded that contemporary poets, for their literary movements and art to convey different concepts and themes in the field of using metaphorical language, have each resorted to various techniques to understand Postpone the poem for a moment and confront the audience with unexpected challenges in the face of metaphorical images. Contemporary poets have resorted to the fusion of metaphor with paradox, both in order to promote the literary, artistic, and spiritual aspects of poetry, and for the purpose of political and social considerations and inevitability, concealment, and avoidance of direct and simple expression. These modern metaphorical images, mixed with paradox, show the contemporary poets' high knowledge of poetic images and the maturity of their imagination. In this article, the authors have tried to introduce their audience by combining the most efficient and artistic tools of imagination (metaphor) with the most ambiguous and complex poetic image (Pardacus) by mentioning various evidences and familiarizing their minds with various artistic highlighting techniques and tricks. In modern metaphorical illustrations, make it more productive to provide suitable grounds for further discussions in the field of imagination.
Fusion, Metaphor, Paradox, Imagination, Contemporary poetry
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