عنوان مقاله [English]
Defamiliarization is one of the practical concepts of literary criticism of Russian formalism. According to this theory, the work of a poet or artist is de-familiarization in words and poetry. Whereas the multiplicity of uses leads to the normalization of aesthetic issues and to the ineffectiveness of the poetic pleasure of the audience; The artist has a duty; Using the techniques of poetic language, to remove the dust of habit from words and poetry and help the audience to understand the literary and artistic work more deeply. Undoubtedly, in the field of poetry and literature, it is not possible to create a new poem without using the poems of previous poets; In recreating the poems of the pioneers, the relationship between the components of the structure, aspects of the literature of the text, the dominant aspect and highlighting the specific motifs of the ancient texts are used by the poets; To recreate the content and words in another way. For centuries, the culture and literature of our country have been influenced by Hafez's lyric poems. The connection between contemporary poetry and Hafez's lyric poems can be seen in all types of poetry, from traditional, Nimai, Sepid and speech. In this research, with a structural approach and descriptive-analytical method, the unfamiliarity of contemporary poetry with Hafez's lyric poems has been studied. The results obtained show; In many cases, the contemporary poet, using various types of aberrations, changes Khajeh's poems in his style and context, and according to his poetic goals, de-familiarizes himself. Sometimes he composes new words and sometimes he looks at the themes of his lyric poems from another angle in order to highlight the dominant aspects of Hafez's poems and surprise the audience.