عنوان مقاله [English]
Speech act is considered as one of language application philosophical and linguistic theories. This theory deals with the analysis of narrative discourses with regard to the analysis of verbs and utterances in contexts; Austin first established this theory and later his student, John R Serlell, directly and indirectly developed and categorized it into five categories (Descriptive, Persuasive, Commitment, Announcement, and Emotional). This theory of the verbs’ application in the discourse structure is examined according to the discourse context and social relations. Considering the fact that Mantegh-o-Teyr is a prominent narrative text in the field of narrative discourse, its narration is based on dialogues and discourse. Its narration intersects the speech act in relation to semantic structure of verbs and discourse sentences, and is examined in the organizational structure of the story or in its general narration, and the meaning of verbs in speech acts is retrieved to induce a certain concept in verb function. Using an analytical-statistical method, the present research has shown the speech act of the verbs in the advancement of narrative discourse of Mantegh-o-Teyr with regard to the investigation of five types of speech acts in Hudhud’s and Birds’ dialogues. The declarative (descriptive) speech act in Hudhud’s and Birds’ dialogues had a more executive function and other speech acts have been realized under the influence of these ones; although the emotional speech act of Birds and the persuasive speech act of Hudhud played a prominent role in the narrative discourse of the sentence structures’ context.